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Dr. Joseph Yazdi

M.D., FAANS

Dr. Joseph Yazdi is an engaging, innovating, and experienced neurosurgeon who is committed to providing exceptional outcomes for his patients. He practices a patient centered approach which emphasizes the care of the whole person.

Dr. joseph Yazdi - Treating Concussion

Concussion: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

If you suspect you or a loved one might have suffered a concussion, don’t wait to seek help from a medical professional with expertise in evaluating and managing concussions¹.

Symptoms of concussion can include brief loss of consciousness after the head injury, memory loss, vision disturbances and confusion or delay in answering simple questions. Physicians using current protocols have more options to treat concussions and their symptoms they sooner they are discovered². Therefore, it’s important to be evaluated immediately. 

Dr. Joseph Yazdi, neurosurgeon with Arch Neurosurgery, uses the latest testing protocols, which are also used by NFL, NHL and MLS, to properly and accurately diagnose concussions. He employs a thorough neurological evaluation including both the Sports Concussion Assessment Tool and Vestibular-Ocular-Motor Testing.

Dr. Yazdi then formulates a treatment plan based on the severity of concussion. This includes working closely with cognitive, vestibular and physical therapists. He also provides proper medications, injections and even relaxation techniques to maximize recovery and function³.

Contrary to what many people believe, most concussions don’t involve loss of consciousness.⁴ And you don’t have to hit your head to get a concussion⁵.

What causes concussion?

According to the CDC, falls, motor vehicle crashes, being struck by an object, assaults and playing sports cause most of the concussions evaluated in emergency rooms ⁶.

While they may not be the primary cause of concussions, youth and high school sports are often noted for their athletes’ elevated risks of head injuries. A 2012 study found that more than 15 percent of all injuries suffered by student athletes are concussions⁷.

Research conducted by Complete Concussion Management, a consortium of physicians seeking to learn more about the long-term effects of concussions, determined that the earlier in life a child suffers a concussion, the higher the chance of developing long-term complications.

So which sports cause the most concussions? The answers aren’t too surprising. In a 12-year study of high school sports, football caused more than half of all concussions reported in sports, followed by soccer and lacrosse. Similarly, in women’s sports, soccer accounted for the most concussions. And, women in the study experienced concussions at twice the rate of men⁸.

Also concussions are the most common, and mildest, forms of traumatic brain injuries. TBIs can result from direct impact with the head. In addition, a violent jolt to the body or an object penetrating brain tissue can cause TBI. Even mild traumatic brain injury may affect brain cells permanently with a wide range of physical and psychological effects.

Finally Dr. Yazdi provides long-term treatment for individuals who sustain traumatic brain injuries with the goal of regaining as much prior function as possible while using the latest in regenerative therapies.

Glossary
Concussion: A concussion is an injury to the brain that causes temporary loss of normal brain function. A blow to the head and rapid deceleration cause most concussions. Blood vessels can tear, pulling nerve fibers and bruising the brain⁹.
Traumatic Brain Injury: Usually caused by a violent blow, jolt to the head or body or an object penetrating the brain tissue. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells permanently. More-serious injury causes bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain. These injuries can result in long-term complications or death. TBI can also have wide-ranging physical and psychological effects. Some signs or symptoms may appear immediately after the traumatic event, although others may appear days or weeks later¹⁰.
Glasgow Coma Scale: Developed in 1974 by Drs. Graham Teasdale and Bryan Jennett to assess coma and level of impaired consciousness in patients with acute brain injury¹¹.
SCAT: Sport Concussion Assessment Tool is a standardized test to evaluate injured athletes for concussion. Used on ages 13 and up but should not be the sole diagnostic screening¹².
VOMS: Vestibular/Ocular-Motor Screening for concussion. Designed for use on ages 9-40 with up to 90 percent accuracy. Unlike other non-imaging evaluations, it helps determine the severity of concussion¹³ ¹⁴.
Sources
¹ https://health.clevelandclinic.org/suspect-a-concussion-how-to-help-not-hurt-your-recovery/
² https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/injuries/head-and-neck-injuries/concussion
³ https://archneurosurgery.com/services/#head-injury
https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/pdfs/providers/facts_about_concussion_tbi-a.pdf
https://www.dignityhealth.org/central-california/services/emergency-services/when-to-go-to-the-er/concussion
https://www.cdc.gov/headsup/pdfs/providers/facts_about_concussion_tbi-a.pdf
https://completeconcussions.com/2018/12/05/concussion-rates-what-sport-most-concussions/
https://www.medstarsportsmedicine.org/research/which-youth-sports-cause-the-most-concussions/
https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Concussion
¹⁰ https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/traumatic-brain-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20378557
¹¹ https://www.glasgowcomascale.org/what-is-gcs/
¹² https://www.abiireland.ie/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/B22546-Sports-Physician-Concussion-Assessment-Tool-SCAT3.pdf
¹³ https://www.physiotherapyalberta.ca/files/vomstool.pdf
¹⁴ http://rethinkconcussions.upmc.com/2016/10/what-is-voms/
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